What is Cannabigerol (CBG) and How is it Different from CBD?

THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol) have become familiar to many people due to their benefits, with CBD being extremely popular because of its non-psychoactive properties. These cannabinoids may be the most widely-known currently, but they are not the only cannabinoids with incredible effects. One of the less abundant cannabinoids, cannabigerol (CBG), is gaining popularity and often referred to as the “mother” or “stem cell” of cannabinoids.

What is Cannabigerol (CBG)?

Like CBD, CBG is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid, meaning it will not induce an intoxicating high when you take it. It makes up only about 1% of the cannabinoids present in the hemp plant, which is why it is considered a minor cannabinoid. Many manufacturers have not focused on trying to extract and manufacture this cannabinoid because of its low concentration in the genetic makeup of the plant.

CBG’s acidic form, CBGA, is the first cannabinoid acid to develop in the plant and is the precursor to the three main cannabinoid lines: THCA, CBDA and CBCA. This is why CBG gets its nickname “mother of cannabinoids.” From the amounts of CBGA that are not converted into these precursors, or any of the other minor cannabinoids, CBG is formed through decarboxylation. This process also produces many other cannabinoids, all of which stem from CBGA. Because of the decarboxylation process, the amount of CBG found in hemp plants is very low and very exclusive for consumers.

The Potential Benefits of CBG

Over time, the interest in CBG will increase, and clinical trials will begin to determine the true effectiveness of this compound. As of now, there are some qualities that scientists are aware of that will benefit consumers indefinitely. Scientists have seen that, like CBD, CBG can counterbalance THC’s effects and level the consumer out. Scientists are excited about these initial CBG results and are promoting future research with CBG alone or CBG in combination with other cannabinoids.

While research is still limited, there are many potential benefits that are being studied in regards to CBG, and its popularity is increasing because of these desired effects. Here are just a few:

  • Swelling – CBG has shown to have great promise in producing anti-swelling effects through lab testing on mice. This can pave the way for promoting relief for many other issues that stem from swelling.
  • Eye Health – A 2008 study suggests that CBG might be effective in assisting in maintaining normal eye health that might otherwise be cause for concern due to pressure or swelling.
  • Malignant Cell Growth – Based on a 2014 study, CBG can be attributed to assisting in diminishing the growth of unwanted type cells and other growths.
  • Maintain Normal Appetite – CBG has been suggested to help stimulate normal appetite in a 2016 study.
  • Neuroprotective Properties – A study in 2016 on mice found that CBG might have protective properties and assist with normal motor functioning.
  • Antibacterial Properties – A 2008 study promotes that CBG has antibacterial properties to aid in combatting bacterial issues.

CBD vs. CBG – What’s the Difference?

Both cannabidiol (CBD) and cannabigerol (CBG) are cannabinoids found in the hemp plant. They are both non-intoxicating, meaning they won’t make you high. Both have incredible benefits attributed to them, and when used together, they can promote the entourage effect. The biggest difference comes down to research and availability. Because of its nature, it is difficult to extract a large amount of CBG to use for research and manufacturing. However, due to its increasing popularity, more research on CBG is becoming prioritized to discover more about this amazing compound.

CBG is going to be the next big thing; the more research being done suggests that it deserves its spotlight as well. It has its own set of benefits and has some properties that are not shared by CBD and THC. The more science understands this compound, the more the public will start to hear about it, and an increase in interest will be shared by the public and manufacturers alike. Be sure to keep your eyes out for this new compound that could potentially change the industry by pushing it forward even more.

FDA Disclaimer: The statements made regarding these products have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The efficacy of these products has not been confirmed by FDA-approved research. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. All information presented here is not meant as a substitute for or alternative to information from health care practitioners. Please consult your health care professional about potential interactions or other possible complications before using any product. The Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act requires this notice.

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